7EN02-0290-11

HSTC Module

The HSTC (High-Speed Transient Capture) module monitors voltage inputs and captures sub-microsecond, high-voltage transients that may not be detected by the standard Transient module.

Module icon

Overview

Conditions that define a voltage transient event are configured in the HSTC module setup registers. When these conditions are detected, the HSTC module captures the event and provides the following data for all voltage phases:

  • Transient event data such as peak magnitude and duration.

  • Transient event statistics such as the number of high-speed transients, and accumulated voltage stress.

  • Waveform data for all voltage phases.

Data captured by the HSTC module is recorded by the Data Set Recorder module and the HSTC Waveform Recorder module.

See Detailed module operation: HSTC framework for more information.

Output register content is cleared if you re-link any of the inputs, or make any changes to the setup registers. To save the information, ensure that the data has first been uploaded before re-linking inputs or changing setup registers.

NOTICE
Data Loss
Ensure that all important data has been recorded before modifying the HSTC module.
Failure to follow these instructions can result in data loss.

NOTE: The registers and settings available in this module depend on the device or node you are configuring, as well as its firmware and template versions. Not all registers or settings are available on all devices or the Virtual Processor, and labels may vary.

Inputs

Event Counter Reset

Pulsing this input clears the V1-V4 Num Events, and Total Num Events output registers.

Voltage Stress Reset

Pulsing this input clears the V1-V4 Stress Accum output registers.

Bin Counter Reset

Pulsing this input clears all magnitude and duration bin counter output registers (Mag1/Dur1 to Mag3/Dur3 output registers).

Enable

This input enables or disables the module. When the Enable input is false, the module is disabled. When the Enable input is true, the module state is determined by the Enable setup register. Linking this input is optional. If you leave it unlinked, the module state is determined by the Enable setup register.

Enable input Enable setup register Module state
false disabled disabled
false enabled disabled
true disabled disabled
true enabled enabled
unlinked disabled disabled
unlinked enabled enabled

Setup registers

Magnitude Threshold

This register defines the magnitude (VRMS) the input voltage must exceed to trigger a high-speed transient capture.

Duration Threshold

This register defines how long (μs) the input voltage must remain above the Magnitude Threshold to trigger a high-speed transient capture.

NOTE: If the Duration Threshold is set to 0 (zero), the HSTC module triggers a high-speed transient capture every time the input voltage exceeds the Magnitude Threshold.

Voltage Reference

This register specifies the voltage reference for high-speed voltage transient captures.

Vn Voltage transients are measured from line to neutral (L-N)
Ve Voltage transients are measured from line to earth (L-E)

Event Priority

This register allows you to assign an event priority to events generated by the HSTC module. See the Event output register description for more information.

Enable

This register enables or disables the module. When set to disabled, the module is disabled. When set to enabled, module operation is determined by the state of the Enable input.

See the Enable input for more information.

Dur 1/2 Bin Threshold, Dur 2/3 Bin Threshold

Captured transient events are sorted into 3 bins based on the duration of the event. These registers define the boundary separating transient duration bins 1 and 2, and bins 2 and 3.

Mag 1/2 Bin Threshold, Mag 2/3 Bin Threshold

Captured transient events are sorted into 3 bins based on the magnitude of the event. These registers define the boundary separating transient magnitude bins 1 and 2, and bins 2 and 3.

Output registers

Event Data Set

This register provides high-speed transient data such as peak voltage magnitude, average voltage and transient trigger timestamp. The HSTC Event Data Set output cannot be read directly. It is linked to the Data Set Recorder module Source input and viewed via the Data Log contents.

See HSTC Event Data Set for additional information.

V1 Num Events, V2 Num Events, V3 Num Events, V4 Num Events

These numeric registers display the number of high-speed transients detected on voltage phases V1, V2, V3 and V4, respectively.

Total Num Events

This numeric register displays the sum of high-speed transients detected on all voltage phases (V1-V4).

Event Trigger

This register generates a pulse for each captured high-speed transient event.

V1 Stress Accum, V2 Stress Accum, V3 Stress Accum, V4 Stress Accum

Voltage stress is expressed as the product of the voltage transient magnitude and the voltage transient duration. These registers display the accumulated voltage stress in volts-seconds (V·s) for each voltage phase (V1 through V4).

Mag1/Dur1 Bin Count, Mag1/Dur2 Bin Count, Mag1/Dur3 Bin Count

These registers display a count of the total number of voltage transients stored in the Mag1/Dur1, Mag1/Dur2, Mag1/Dur3 bins, respectively.

Mag2/Dur1 Bin Count, Mag2/Dur2 Bin Count, Mag2/Dur3 Bin Count

These registers display a count of the total number of voltage transients stored in the Mag2/Dur1, Mag2/Dur2, Mag2/Dur3 bins, respectively.

Mag3/Dur1 Bin Count, Mag3/Dur2 Bin Count, Mag3/Dur3 Bin Count

These registers display a count of the total number of voltage transients stored in the Mag3/Dur1, Mag3/Dur2, Mag3/Dur3 bins, respectively.

V1, V2, V3, V4

These registers contain transient waveform data captured on voltage phases V1-V4. They are linked to the Source inputs of the HSTC Waveform Recorder (V1-V4) modules. For example, the HSTC V3 output is linked to the HSTC Waveform Recorder 3 module Source input. These outputs cannot be read directly and must be viewed using a waveform viewer such as ION Setup.

Event

All events are recorded in the Event register. Possible events and their associated priority numbers are:

Event priority group

Priority

Description

Setup change

10

Input links, setup registers or labels have changed.

High-speed transient detected

*

High-speed transient detected on V1, V2, V3 or V4.

* The priority of this event is determined by the value in the EvPriority setup register.

The Event output register stores the following information for each ION event: time stamp, priority, cause, effect, and any values or conditions associated with the cause and effect.

Responses to special conditions

The following table summarizes how the High-Speed Transient module behaves under different conditions.

Condition Response of output registers
The Source inputs are not available. All output registers are not available.
The Enable setup register is enabled. The module is enabled, or disabled based on the Enable input.
The Enable setup register is disabled. The module is disabled.
Any setup register is modified. All output register values are cleared.
The device is powered-up. The output registers retain the values stored on the previous shutdown.

Detailed module operation

HSTC framework

The HSTC framework uses the following ION modules:

  • HSTC

  • Data Set Recorder

  • HSTC Waveform Recorder (four in total representing each voltage phase V1-V4)

When a high-speed transient is detected on any of the meter’s voltage inputs, the event data is captured by the HSTC module, then recorded by the Data Set Recorder module and HSTC Waveform Recorder modules.

Continuous high-speed transient captures are triggered as long as the transient conditions persist.

HSTC Event Data Set

The Event Data Set output register is linked to the Source input of the Data Set Recorder and contains the following high-speed transient information:

Parameter Description

Peak Voltage Magnitude

The maximum absolute magnitude of the high-speed voltage transient event.

Rise Time

The amount of time between when the voltage exceeds the Magnitude Threshold and reaches the peak voltage magnitude.

Duration

The amount of time the voltage exceeds the Magnitude Threshold.

Voltage Stress (volt-seconds)

The product of the transient voltage magnitude and transient duration.

Average Voltage

The Voltage Stress divided by transient duration.

Trigger Timestamp

The moment in time that the high-speed voltage transient was detected. i.e. when the voltage Magnitude Threshold and Duration Threshold are exceeded.

Magnitude/Duration Data Pairs

The HSTC module provides up to 6 Magnitude/Duration pairs, P1/D1 to P6/D6, to help differentiate between oscillatory and impulsive transient events.

See the images below for a representation of Magnitude/Duration pairs in oscillatory and impulsive transient events.

HSTC Statistics: Number of high-speed transient events

The HSTC module keeps track of the number of high-speed transient events detected on each voltage phase as well as the total number of unique events. The per-phase and total unique event counters increment by 1 for each event until Event Counter Reset input is pulsed.

Refer to the examples below to see how the per-phase and total unique events are updated when new high-speed transients are detected:

  1. Transient detected on voltage phase V1.

  2. Transient detected on voltage phase V1, V3 and V4.

  3. Transient detected on all voltage phases.

  4. Transient detected on voltage phase V1.

Table: Number of high-speed transients

Voltage phase Number of high-speed transients
V1 4
V2 1
V3 2
V4 2

Total unique events 4

HSTC Statistics: Magnitude/Duration bins

Captured high-speed transient data is sorted into magnitude and duration bins to aid in the classification of the event. Data is sorted based on read-only magnitude and duration thresholds set in the HSTC module setup registers.

NOTE: Transient magnitude is stated in peak volts (VPEAK) within the Magnitude/Duration bins.

When a high-speed transient is captured on any voltage phase, the corresponding Magnitude/Duration bin counter increments by one. If a high-speed transient is captured on all 4 voltage phases, the corresponding Mag/Dur Bin Count will increment by 4.

Refer to the examples below to see how the Magnitude/Duration bin counters are updated when new high-speed transients are captured:

  1. 1000 VPEAK, 135 μs transient captured on all voltage phases.

  2. 6000 VPEAK, 10 μs transient captured on voltage phase V3 only.

  3. 1800 VPEAK, 50 μs transient captured on voltage phases V1, V3 and V4.

 

Dur1

Duration ≤ 32 µs

Dur2

32 µs < Duration < 130 µs

Dur3

130 µs ≤ Duration < 20000 µs

Mag1

Magnitude ≤ 1500 V
0 0 4

Mag2

1500 V < Magnitude < 4000 V
0 3 0

Mag3

4000 V ≤ Magnitude < 10000 V
1 0 0
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