eConversion provides a combination of maximum protection and highest efficiency, that permits to reduce the electricity absorbed by the UPS by a factor three compared with double conversion. eConversion is now the generally recommended operation mode and is enabled by default in the UPS but it can be disabled via the display menu. When enabled, eConversion can be set to always active or on a set schedule configured through the display menu.
In eConversion the UPS supplies the active part of the load through the static bypass as long as the utility/mains supply is within tolerance. The inverter is kept running in parallel so the input power factor of the UPS is maintained close to unity, regardless of the load power factor, as the reactive part of the load is significantly reduced in the UPS input current. In case of an interruption of the utility/mains supply, the inverter maintains the output voltage providing an uninterrupted transfer from eConversion to double conversion. The batteries are charged when the UPS is in eConversion mode and harmonics compensation is also provided.
eConversion mode can be used for the Galaxy VS UPS in the following conditions:
The load on the UPS is minimum 5%.
Voltage fluctuation is ≤10% versus nominal voltage (adjustable setting from 3% to 10%).
THDU is ≤5%.
Double Conversion (Normal Operation)
The UPS supports the load with conditioned power. Double conversion mode permanently creates a perfect sinewave at the system output, but this operation also uses more electricity.
If the utility/mains supply fails, the UPS transfers to battery operation and supports the load with conditioned power from the DC source.
Requested Static Bypass Operation
for UPS Modes
The UPS can be transferred to requested static bypass operation following a command from the display. During requested static bypass operation, the load is supplied from the bypass source. If a fault is detected, the UPS will transfer to double conversion (normal operation) or forced static bypass operation. If there is an interruption to the utility/mains supply during requested static bypass operation, the UPS will transfer to battery operation.
Forced Static Bypass Operation
for UPS Modes
The UPS is in forced static bypass operation following a command from the UPS or because the user has pressed the inverter OFF button on the UPS. During forced static bypass operation, the load is supplied from the bypass source.
Internal Maintenance Bypass Operation via the Internal Maintenance Breaker IMB
When the internal maintenance breaker IMB is closed, the UPS transfers to internal maintenance bypass operation. The load is supplied with unconditioned power from the bypass source. Service and replacement can be performed on power modules, the static bypass switch module, and on the controller box during internal maintenance bypass operation via the internal maintenance breaker IMB. The internal maintenance breaker IMB can only be used in single systems and in simplified 1+1 parallel systems with no external maintenance bypass breaker.
External Maintenance Bypass Operation via the Maintenance Bypass Breaker MBB
When the maintenance bypass breaker MBB is closed in the external maintenance bypass panel/cabinet or third party switchgear, the UPS transfers to external maintenance bypass operation. The load is supplied with unconditioned power from the bypass source. Service and replacement can be performed on the entire UPS during external maintenance bypass operation via the maintenance bypass breaker MBB.
Static Bypass Standby Operation
Static bypass standby is only applicable to an individual UPS in a parallel system. The UPS enters static bypass standby operation if the UPS is prevented from entering forced static bypass operation and the other UPSs of the parallel system can support the load. In static bypass standby the output of the specific UPS is OFF. The UPS automatically transfers to the preferred operation mode when possible.
Battery Test Mode
The UPS is in battery test mode when the UPS is performing a battery self-test or a runtime calibration.
for UPS Modes
In ECO mode the UPS uses requested static bypass to power the load as long as the power quality is within tolerance. If a fault is detected (bypass voltage out of tolerance, output voltage out of tolerance, power interruption, etc) the UPS will transfer to double conversion (normal operation) or forced static bypass. Depending on the transfer conditions, a minimal interruption of the load supply may happen (up to 10 ms). The batteries are charged when the UPS is in ECO mode. The main advantage of ECO mode is a reduction in the consumption of electrical power compared with double conversion.