The system mode indicates the output status of the complete UPS system including the surrounding switchgear and indicates which source supplies the load.
In inverter operation the load is supplied by the inverters. The UPS mode can be in either normal or battery operation when the system operation mode is inverter operation.
Requested Static Bypass Operation
When the system is in requested static bypass operation, the load is supplied from the bypass source. If a fault is detected, the system will transfer to inverter operation or forced static bypass operation.
Forced Static Bypass Operation
The system is in forced static bypass operation following a command from the UPS system or because the user has pressed the inverter OFF button on the UPSs. During forced static bypass operation, the load is supplied directly by the bypass source with unconditioned power.
Maintenance Bypass Operation
In maintenance bypass operation, the load is supplied directly by the bypass source with unconditioned power.
ECO mode allows the system to be configured to use requested static bypass operation, with the load supplied through the bypass, as the preferred operation mode under predefined circumstances. The main advantage of ECO mode is a reduction in the consumption of electrical power. In case of interruption to the utility/mains supply, the UPS transfers to inverter operation for an uninterrupted supply of the load.
ECOnversion allows the system to supply the active part of the load through the bypass. The inverter is kept running in parallel with the bypass source and supplies the reactive part of the load. The input power factor of the UPS is, regardless of the load power factor, maintained close to unity as the reactive part of the load is significantly reduced in the UPS input current. In case of an interruption to the utility/mains supply, the inverter immediately maintains the output voltage so that breaks or drops during the transfer from ECOnversion mode are practically eliminated.